Speaker: Prof. Holger Kraft, Professor of Finance Goethe University Frankfurt (Germany); Visiting Professor UCLA Anderson School
Title: The Social Cost of Carbon in a Non-Cooperative World
Abstract: The recent literature has derived simple formulas for the Social Cost of Carbon (SCC) that are easy to interpret, but that only apply to the global economy. This is an issue since international transfers to sustain the global optimum with the same carbon price for all countries are still lacking after thirty years of climate summits. The main research objective of our paper is to obtain tractable analytical and interpretable formulas for the SCC, the optimal carbon taxes, and the optimal consumption-abatement strategies in a non-cooperative world. We find that the optimal taxes are proportional to national GDP and can be decomposed into a domestic and a foreign component where the latter stems from trade. Besides, heterogeneity in country-specific damage functions together with the size of international trade can significantly affect the regional distribution of the SCC.